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Overview - Systematic Review Process

Preparation

  • Time: 6-18 months to complete a systematic review
  • Team: Minimum of 2-3 members to minimize bias.  Suggest including subject experts, librarians for help with search strategies, statisticians for help with data analysis
  • Initial literature search: make sure no one else has published systematic review on the topic
     

Summary of the Process

  1. Develop a clearly defined research question using PICO or similar tools
  2. Determine inclusion/exclusion criteria, such as: types of studies, minimum number of participants, ages, gender, language, or date restrictions
  3. Write and register protocol to document methodology
  4. Develop a search strategy, test, then run in multiple databases. Search for additional articles in grey literature, registries, hand searching journals, and checking references in articles
  5. Screen title/abstracts. First pass to select articles matching protocol criteria  
  6. Obtain/read full text of articles that passed screening to determine eligibility.  Document reasons why articles are included/excluded
  7. Analyze articles for data, quality, and bias
  8. Write review and submit for publication

How can the Library help?

Services

  • Conduct literature searches
  • Document the search process
  • Upload results into EndNote or Covidence
  • Write search methodology section of paper
     

Acknowledgement / Authorship

  • At minimum, an acknowledgement of the librarian's contribution to the systematic review is requested
  • Co-authorship is requested if librarians write/edit parts of the paper
     

Request a Systematic Review

  1. Complete our systematic review preparation form
  2. Contact us to schedule a consultation

Expert Searchers for Systematic Reviews


 
  Mary Pat Harnegie

  Medical Librarian, Alumni Library
  Manager, South Pointe Hospital Library
  216-444-7335 Main Campus
  216-491-7454 South Pointe Library
  harnegm@ccf.org


 
  Mary Schleicher

  Medical Librarian, Alumni Library
  216-444-9699
  schleim@ccf.org


 
  Marian Simonson

  Assistant Director, Alumni Library
  216-445-7334
  simonsm@ccf.org


 
  Loren Hackett

   Medical Librarian, Alumni Library
  216-445-7347
  hacketl@ccf.org

 

Contact us

This guide was adapted from Systematic Reviews: the process at Duke University.